Irish Blacks - The Amazing Traits Of Irish Black Cattle
During the 1930s, a geneticist by the name Jay Lush engaged in a study that would change the lives of many. He came up with a genetic theory that was later expounded further to give rise to the Irish Black Cattle. Dr. Lush, in his theory, asserted that quality as an aspect is capable of being enhanced continuously through concentrated gene pool. This is especially possible through the concept of line breeding. Maurice Boney advanced this theory while undertaking his research in the 1970s to realize this important species of cattle.
From this emergence, the breed has undergone close examination and line breeding to promote genetic prediction that is important in sharing such quality genetics as productivity and fertility from parents to descendants. The species were particularly noted for feeding capacity. The animals were so efficient in converting forage in to superior quality beef.
The specific animals in this family are generally black in color and have a moderate body frame and size. However, red colored calves are occasionally given birth. They are also averagely muscled and have sound legs and feet. The breed is rather homozygous, which means that it is good at transmitting traits to the offspring. The bulls stand a high chance of transferring most desired parent traits to the new generation as opposed to bulls from other breeds.
Commercial producers have many convincing reasons why they should engage in this kind of rearing. This family of cattle has a fascinating genetic purity. They are widely known for having consistent and predictable results in the calf crop. In fact, they have a history of a four-decade line breeding behind them. As opposed to other family, the individuals have no different blood in their genes other than their own. They also have quality carcass evidenced from their high score in desired carcass genetics. The carcass has low back fat and thus tender.
The life of such animals is not confined to one particular locality. They flourish in a variety of environments, ranging from lowland to high altitude areas. For instance, they are evenly distributed in the United States and other far arrears as Texas, Mississippi, Florida and Canada.
The Irish are exceptionally fertile and productive. For example, their bulls have large scrotal circumference with very motile sperm. They score between 92% and 98% normal sperm and have the potential of servicing 70-75 cows per year. They display quite excellent libido and are often referred to as breeding machines.
Their females are equally productive and good mothers. Puberty to them comes quite early, with a high number of cycles to their first breeding. Cows of this species have a relatively short time for gestation period. The short span of time provides them with sufficient time to get ready for the season to come. It also means less calving difficulties with minimal uterine infections.
Birth weights among new borne eases the process of calving. The calves are born with an average weight of 70 pounds. Summers are associated with animals being locked far in ranches and farmers have reported many cases of the animals calving safely on their own. The young ones find it simple to suckle because of the position and small size of the udder. When in need of a productive, fertile and marketable species of cattle for commercial production, be sure to check out on the Irish Black.
Utilizing the strengths of two breeds, the Canadian / American Gelbvieh Associations created the Balancer® program. Balancer animals are registered hybrid seedstock with documented pedigrees and EPDs. Balancer cattle are 25-75 percent Gelbvieh with the balance Red Angus or Angus. All polled, Balancer cattle combine the Gelbvieh growth, muscle, retail yield, fertility and unequaled pounds of calf weaned per cow exposed with the marbling of Angus or Red Angus.
Balancer bulls possess paternal heterosis, resulting in improved productive and reproductive traits. The benefits of paternal heterosis include increased servicing capacity, higher pregnancy rate and weaning rate, greater sperm concentration, larger scrotal circumference and reduced age at puberty. Published research proves the reproductive advantages of crossbred bulls. Purebred Gelbvieh bulls used on high percentage Angus or Red Angus commercial cows produce Balancer calves that meet all industry demands from the pasture to the feedyard to the rail.
"Hybrid genetics are successful in combining reproduction, growth and carcass traits into simple, well-designed breeding programs for the commercial industry. The use of F1 bulls, much like the Balancer® program, goes a long ways towards providing a simple crossbreeding solution," said Dr. Harlan Ritchie.
For producers needing heat tolerant cattle the Canadian / American Gelbvieh Associations offers the Southern Balancer® program. The Southern Balancer combines 6.25-50 percent Bos indicus breeding with at least 25 percent Gelbvieh genetics. This combination produces cattle with superior maternal strengths, market acceptability and environment adaptability. Learn more about Southern Balancer.
Black and Red Angus
The Aberdeen Angus Breed has a tradition in Canada going back over 130 years. Today all Angus registration papers are processed through the Canadian Angus Association office in Calgary, Alberta. All animals registered in the Canadian Angus Association Herdbook are 100 per cent purebred.
The Canadian Angus Association registers both red and black Angus. Both colours offer the same traits, but Canadian registration papers easily indicate the colour of the animal.
Angus can be found throughout all provinces and territories in Canada, meaning access to cattle is excellent. Strong commercial demand ensures the basic traits of mothering, muscling and marbling are kept in the forefront. Along with the polled factor, natural to Angus, these traits have often been imitated but never duplicated by other breeds
Canadian Angus has seen dramatic growth in the past few years, and international interest in our genetics continues to grow. Canadian Angus have been exported with great success to all five continents and are generally regarded to be of superior quality in global genetic circles.
Angus cattle (Aberdeen Angus) are a breed of cattle commonly used in beef production. They were developed from cattle native to the counties of Aberdeenshire and Angus in Scotland and are known as Aberdeen Angus in most parts of the world. They are naturally polled (do not have horns) and solid black or red, although the udder may be white. There have always been both red and black individuals in the population.but in the USA they are regarded as two separate breeds — Red Angus and Black Angus. Black Angus is the most common beef breed of cattle in the United States, with 324,266 animals registered in 2005.
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General Descriptions Of Our Breeds
The best bred, best tasting, beef on the Island!
"cos cheum nach gabh tilleadh"
- no retreating footsteps
Gelbvieh cattle are well-balanced, long-bodied and well-fleshed beef production units. The meat carries well down the hind quarters of these moderately framed animals. Gelbvieh cattle have strong, well-placed limbs which stand on dark, hard hooves. While originally a horned, light brown, totally pigmented animal, through selective upgrading programs, Gelbvieh producers have also introduced polled and black genetics into the breed.
Fullblood Gelbvieh - direct descendants of animals registered in the German Gelbvieh Herd Book. These animals have been parent verified from the first imports registered in the Canadian Gelbvieh Herd Book to the present.
Purebred Gelbvieh - these are animals that have been bred up to purebred status from foundation stock. A purebred Gelbvieh female animal is 88% Gelbvieh (3 generation cross) and a purebred male animal is 94% (4 generation cross) or the offspring of two purebred Gelbvieh animals or a purebred Gelbvieh and a Fullblood Gelbvieh animal.
Balancer® - are registered hybrid seedstock and have documented pedigrees and EPDs. These are the offspring of a registered purebred or Fullblood Gelbvieh or a registered Balancer animal and a registered Angus animal (Red or Black). Balancer animals are 50% to 75% Gelbvieh genetics.
Hybrid Gelbvieh - these are the offspring of a registered purebred or Fullblood Gelbvieh or a registered Balancer animal and a registered animal of any other beef breed. Hybrid animals are 50% to 75% Gelbvieh genetics.
Percentage Gelbvieh - these animals are less than 88% for females and 94% for males in the upgrading program which has been using unregistered or commercial animals mated to a registered purebred or Fullblood Gelbvieh animal.
[Gelbvieh are the performance plus maternal European beef breed.]
Through performance measurement, genetic selection, and appropriate management techniques, Gelbvieh producers, both purebred & commercial, strive to exceed consumer expectations for delicious beef products. Gelbvieh have a high rate of gain with one of the best feed efficiencies in the industry and will supply the carcass that today's packers and consumers demand.